C. 挪亞出方舟 (創8:20-22)

挪亞為耶和華築了一座壇,拿各類潔淨的牲畜、飛鳥獻在壇上為燔祭。耶和華聞那馨香之氣,就心裡說:「我不再因人的緣故咒詛地(人從小時心裡懷著惡念),也不再按著我纔行的滅各種的活物了。地還存留的時候,稼穡、寒暑、冬夏、晝夜就永不停息了。」

Then Noah built an altar to the LORD and, taking some of all the clean animals and clean birds, he sacrificed burnt offerings on it. The LORD smelled the pleasing aroma and said in his heart: "Never again will I curse the ground because of man, even though every inclination of his heart is evil from childhood. And never again will I destroy all living creatures, as I have done. "As long as the earth endures, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, day and night will never cease."

挪亞出方舟後,首先作的就是「為耶和華築了一座壇」,這是經上首次出現「祭壇」的經文。以前只提到該隱和亞伯「拿供物獻給耶和華」(創4:3-4)依「經上的啟示是漸進的」原則來看,「祭壇」早在先前就有了,並且這裡所謂的「燔祭」就是把祭物火化,也早就是如此獻為祭的。亞伯獻羊羔為祭也是屬潔淨的牲畜,如今挪亞是拿各種屬潔淨的活物都獻為燔祭,當然不是把所有潔淨的活物都全部獻為燔祭,只是其中的部分(some)。

至於那些是潔淨的,那些是不潔淨的,就地上的牲畜而言,挪亞可以從「七公七母」或「一公一母」得著分類(創7:2)。但就空中的飛鳥而言,挪亞似乎很難從全是「七公七母」之中加以分辨(創7:3)。但其實不然,相信神不會使挪亞為難,從後來的利未記清楚陳明潔淨與不潔淨的類別來看,摩西只是後來明文記載下來,在此之前神早已曉諭亞當的後代要如何來獻祭,也許是從以挪士開始,因為「那時候,人才求告耶和華的名。」(創4:26)

This entry was posted in 06.蒙神揀選 刼後餘生, D.聖經導讀. Bookmark the permalink.

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