A3. 敬虔的後代 (創5:1-20)

亞當的後代記在下面。當神造人的日子,是照著自己的樣式造的,並且造男造女。在他們被造的日子,神賜福給他們,稱他們為「人」。亞當活到一百三十歲,生了一個兒子,形像樣式和自己相似,就給他起名叫塞特。亞當生塞特之後,又在世八百年,並且生兒養女。亞當共活了九百三十歲就死了。塞特活到一百零五歲,生了以挪士。塞特生以挪士之後,又活了八百零七年,並且生兒養女。塞特共活了九百一十二歲就死了。以挪士活到九十歲,生了該南。以挪士生該南之後,又活了八百一十五年,並且生兒養女。以挪士共活了九百零五歲就死了。該南活到七十歲,生了瑪勒列。該南生瑪勒列之後,又活了八百四十年,並且生兒養女。該南共活了九百一十歲就死了。瑪勒列活到六十五歲,生了雅列。瑪勒列生雅列之後,又活了八百三十年,並且生兒養女。瑪勒列共活了八百九十五歲就死了。雅列活到一百六十二歲,生了以諾。雅列生以諾之後,又活了八百年,並且生兒養女。雅列共活了九百六十二歲就死了。

This is the written account of Adam’s line. When God created man, he made him in the likeness of God. He created them male and female and blessed them. And when they were created, he called them “man." When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, in his own image; and he named him Seth. After Seth was born, Adam lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Adam lived 930 years, and then he died. When Seth had lived 105 years, he became the father of Enosh. And after he became the father of Enosh, Seth lived 807 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Seth lived 912 years, and then he died. When Enosh had lived 90 years, he became the father of Kenan. And after he became the father of Kenan, Enosh lived 815 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Enosh lived 905 years, and then he died. When Kenan had lived 70 years, he became the father of Mahalalel. And after he became the father of Mahalalel, Kenan lived 840 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Kenan lived 910 years, and then he died. When Mahalalel had lived 65 years, he became the father of Jared. And after he became the father of Jared, Mahalalel lived 830 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Mahalalel lived 895 years, and then he died. When Jared had lived 162 years, he became the father of Enoch. And after he became the father of Enoch, Jared lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Jared lived 962 years, and then he died.

創世記第五章記有亞當的後代,可以看出希伯來人有「省略族譜」的寫法。該族譜首先提到「亞當活到一百三十歲,生了塞特。」(創5:3)亞當在一百三十歲之前,就已經有其他的兒女了,由此可見接下來的每個人,經上雖記著說:「某人活到XXX歲,生了兒子。」並不表示在此之前,他都沒有生兒養女,只是這些孩子「乏善可陳」。經上又記著說:「某人生兒子之後,又活了XXX年,並且生兒養女。」對這些後來所生的兒女也只是「點到為止」。

新約馬太福音有記載耶穌的家譜,並以三個「十四代」來連結整個家譜,「這樣,從亞伯拉罕到大衛共有十四代;從大衛到遷至巴比倫的時後也有十四代;從遷至巴比倫的時候到基督又有十四代。」(太1:17)事實上,耶穌的家譜不只四十二代,當中有跳代的寫法。經上之所以用「十四」為單位是因為「大衛」(David)這個希伯來文的三個字母(d+v+d),所代表的數值總和是「十四」(4+6+4)。用「三」 個「十四」來記載耶穌家譜「意味深長」:用「三」是因為耶穌是完全的神,用「十四」是因為耶穌是大衛的子孫。

本篇發表於 05.與神同行 榮耀升天, D.聖經導讀。將永久鏈結加入書籤。

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