C. 該隱的後代 (創4:16-22)

於是該隱離開耶和華的面,去住在伊甸東邊挪得之地。該隱與妻子同房,他妻子就懷孕,生了以諾。該隱建造了一座城,就按著他兒子的名將那城叫作以諾。以諾生以拿,以拿生米戶雅利,米戶雅利生瑪土撒利,瑪土撒利生拉麥。拉麥娶了兩個妻:一個名叫亞大,一個名叫洗拉。亞大生雅八,雅八就是住帳棚牧養牲畜之人的祖師。雅八的兄弟名叫猶八,他是一切彈琴吹簫之人的祖師。洗拉又生了土八該隱,他是打造各樣銅鐵利器的〔或作是銅匠鐵匠的祖師〕。土八該隱的妹子是拿瑪。

So Cain went out from the LORD’s presence and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden. Cain lay with his wife, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Cain was then building a city, and he named it after his son Enoch. To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael was the father of Methushael, and Methushael was the father of Lamech. Lamech married two women, one named Adah and the other Zillah. Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who live in tents and raise livestock. His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play the harp and flute. Zillah also had a son, Tubal-Cain, who forged all kinds of tools out of bronze and iron. Tubal-Cain’s sister was Naamah.

「於是該隱離開耶和華的面。」表明從此以後,他的後代將成為「不敬虔」的「屬人」的世代,「挪得」是「流離飄蕩」的意思,神將他放逐到伊甸東邊(不是伊甸園的東邊,那是亞當被逐後的居所。),結果他卻在那裡「定居」,並且建造了一座城,擺明了要在此「安居」。還以他兒子的名為城名。「以諾」的字意是「奉獻」,他是將這座城「奉獻」給自己,並高舉人的名。

不敬虔的後代到了拉麥達到「登峰造極」:拉麥首先破壞神所設立「一夫一妻」的婚姻制度。他所生的三個孩子將人類帶入「高度文明」,雅八發明帳棚,使人不再「餐風宿露」;猶八發明樂器,使人可以「自得其樂」;土八該隱發明金屬利器,使人可以說:「工欲善其事,必先利其器。」該隱的後代本是住在城裡,為何需要「支搭帳棚」?經上提到帳棚的發明與「牧養牲畜」相提並論,可見帳棚是為了牧養牲畜時,「逐水草而居」而發明的。

This entry was posted in 04.兄弟鬩牆 殺人滅屍, D.聖經導讀. Bookmark the permalink.

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