B2. 該隱受審判 (創4:9-15)

耶和華對該隱說:「你兄弟亞伯在那裡?」他說:「我不知道!我豈是看守我兄弟的嗎?」耶和華說:「你做了什麼事呢?你兄弟的血有聲音從地裡向我哀告。地開了口,從你手裡接受你兄弟的血。現在你必從這地受咒詛。你種地,地不再給你效力;你必流離飄蕩在地上。」該隱對耶和華說:「我的刑罰太重,過於我所能當的。你如今趕逐我離開這地,以致不見你面;我必流離飄蕩在地上,凡遇見我的必殺我。」耶和華對他說:「凡殺該隱的,必遭報七倍。」耶和華就給該隱立一個記號,免得人遇見他就殺他。

Then the LORD said to Cain, "Where is your brother Abel?" "I don’t know," he replied. "Am I my brother’s keeper?" The LORD said, "What have you done? Listen! Your brother’s blood cries out to me from the ground. Now you are under a curse and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. When you work the ground, it will no longer yield its crops for you. You will be a restless wanderer on the earth." Cain said to the LORD , "My punishment is more than I can bear. Today you are driving me from the land, and I will be hidden from your presence; I will be a restless wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me." But the LORD said to him, "Not so; if anyone kills Cain, he will suffer vengeance seven times over." Then the LORD put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him.

「亞伯的血」有話要說:「神阿,替我伸冤!」(創4:10)這就是「舊約」的典範,是神「公義」的表現。「耶穌的血」也有話要說:「父阿,赦免他們!」(路23:34)這就是「新約」的典範,是神「慈愛」的表現。耶穌說:「你們聽見有話說:『以眼還眼,以牙還牙。』只是我告訴你們,不要與惡人作對。有人打你的右臉,連左臉也轉過來由他打;有人想要告你,要拿你的裡衣,連外衣也由他拿去;有人強逼你走一里路,你就同他走二里路;有求你的,就給他;有向你借貸的,不可推辭。」「你們聽見有話說『當愛你的鄰舍,恨你的仇敵。』只是我告訴你們,要愛你們的仇敵,為那逼迫你們的禱告。」(太5:38-44)

該隱面對神給他的懲罰,才開始看到自己的不足。他在神面前謙卑下來,向神求饒說:「你如今趕逐我離開這地,以致不能見你面。」又向神求助說:「凡遇見我的必殺我。」於是神因該隱的「虛心悔意」(repent)而動了「憐憫之心」(relent),施恩給他,並對那一世代的人說:「凡殺該隱的,必遭報七倍。」(可見當時世上已有許多的人,不可能只有亞當夫婦和這一對兄弟。) 又給該隱立了一個「護身符」的記號,使他可以立足於群體生活中,繼續「生養眾多,遍滿地面。」

This entry was posted in 04.兄弟鬩牆 殺人滅屍, D.聖經導讀. Bookmark the permalink.

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